Zero Hunger

2020 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökçin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Food Web and Food Network: Role of Food System Ecological Interconnectedness in Achieving the Zero Hunger Goal

  • Michele F. FontefrancescoEmail author
  • Henry Sidsaph
Reference work entry



A food web is a representation of the food relationships that link all the different living organisms and nonliving components that constitute an ecosystem (Jackson 2013). The concept was developed as a theoretical tool in natural sciences, but it found use in the ongoing debate of the social sciences and education in particular to raise awareness concerning the themes of sustainability and environmental resilience.

From Ecology to Food Webs

In order to understand the concept of a food web, it is necessary to look at its conceptual basis, an ecosystem. Moving from a dichotomic understanding of the environment that tended to divide living and nonliving, human and nonhuman components, and consider them as different and distinct aspects of the geography of a place (Holt-Jesen 2018), since the 1930s (Jackson 2013), the concept of the ecosystem has become common knowledge. It refers to a particular...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Gastronomic SciencesPollenzoItaly
  2. 2.Business Research InstituteUniversity of ChesterChesterUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Mohammad Sadegh Allahyari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural ManagementRasht Branch, Islamic Azad UniversityRashtIran