Zero Hunger

2020 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökçin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Managing Hydroclimatic Variability for Food Security

  • David WatkinsEmail author
  • Jessica Daignault
Reference work entry


Hydroclimatic variability refers to natural and human-induced fluctuations in weather, climate, and watershed conditions that affect water resources. This variability occurs naturally at a range of spatial and temporal scales, including local to global, and daily (i.e., weather) to multidecadal (i.e., climate). Greenhouse gas emissions, deforestation, and other human activities cause global climate change, which in turn affects local weather patterns and seasonal variability. The land cover, soil and vegetation conditions, and drainage paths within watersheds can vary in response to weather and climate, as well as in response to human development and land use change. Management refers broadly to decisions and actions that mitigate the impacts of hydroclimatic variability on agricultural production and food security. Food securityis achieved when people have reliable access to a sufficient quantity of safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and cultural...

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This material is based on work supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation under Grant No. CBET-1639342.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringMichigan Technological UniversityHoughtonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Datu Buyung Agusdinata
    • 1
  1. 1.School of SustainabilityArizona State UniversityTempeUSA