Zero Hunger

2020 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökçin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Insects, Food Security, and Sustainable Aquaculture

  • Olga M. C. C. AmeixaEmail author
  • Pedro M. Duarte
  • Daniela P. Rodrigues
Reference work entry


As the world population continues to grow and natural resources become scarce, it is necessary to find alternative ways to provide sufficient and nutritious food for all. Aquaculture is a very efficient food production system which can produce a big amount of food; however, in the case of marine organisms, the dependence on fish meal and fish oil has contributed to the depletion of fish stocks and to the increase of feed prices. Further, existing aquaculture plant-based feed alternatives have contributed to the degradation of natural biomes, such as the Amazonian rain forest, among several other environmental problems. Insects have been lately considered as viable feed ingredients for marine organisms. These are highly rich in proteins among other important nutrients and are more efficient food converters than other animals. Their low requirement for arable land, water, and food, as well as their low carbon dioxide emissions, makes insects a more sustainable source of feed...

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Thanks are due to FCT/MCES for the financial support to CESAM (UID/AMB/50017) through national funds, and the co-funding by the FEDER, within the PT2020 Partnership Agreement and Compete 2020, and to project SUShI (CENTRO-01-0145-FEDER-030818), co-funded by Centro 2020 program, Portugal 2020, European Union, through the European Regional Development Fund, through the National Science Foundation (FCT/MCTES). OMCCA is funded by national funds (OE), through FCT, in the scope of the framework contract foreseen in the numbers 4, 5, and 6 of the article 23, of the Decree-Law 57/2016, of August 29, changed by Law 57/2017, of July 19. DPR is funded by a PhD grant attributed by FCT/MCTES (PD/BD/143093/2018).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olga M. C. C. Ameixa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pedro M. Duarte
    • 2
  • Daniela P. Rodrigues
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Biology and Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM)University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de SantiagoAveiroPortugal
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de SantiagoAveiroPortugal
  3. 3.Department of Biology, Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM)Edifício ECOMARE, Universidade de AveiroAveiroPortugal

Section editors and affiliations

  • Datu Buyung Agusdinata
    • 1
  1. 1.School of SustainabilityArizona State UniversityTempeUSA