Globalization Versus Localization in the Fight Against Hunger
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According to (FAO 2018a), globalization refers to increases of interactions and economic interdependencies in the movement of finance, inputs, outputs, information, and science across large geographic areas. It helps to increase net income in many places and facilitates decreases in levels of poverty. Thereby it can enhance levels of food security. Localization is an opposite process to globalization. It aims at increasing the regional economic growth and the use of local resources for livelihood.
The strong points of localization are in the cultivation of traditional varieties, use of biological resources by local people, and the restriction of dependence on foreign producers. Hence, it also means using more healthy and accessible traditional food, raw materials, and medicines (Lama 2017; Maroyi 2018).
The globalization processes and trade liberalization present both opportunities and challenges in different branches of economy also including the agricultural...
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