The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Imperialism and Anti-Imperialism

Living Edition
| Editors: Immanuel Ness, Zak Cope

Adivasis and Resistance to Imperialism

Living reference work entry

“We should not … be too frightened by the word ‘archaic.’”

“Marx–Zasulich Correspondence: Letters and Drafts,” February–March 1881, Karl Marx in Teodor Shanin (1983, p. 107)

“… imperialism is a way of life of capitalism. Therefore, the elimination of imperialism requires the overthrow of capitalism.

Harry Magdoff (1978, p. 261)



From the colonial age to the present, Adivasi peasants in India have been resisting the ongoing brutal, planned, and discontinuous processes of commoditization of land, commercialization of forests, and proletarianization of labor, by resort to insurgency. The Kol insurrection of 1831–1832, the Santal hool (rebellion) of 1855, and the Birsaite ulgulan (great tumult) of 1899–1900, against the Sarkar–sahukar–zamindar (colonial government–moneylender–landlord) trinity in the colonial age; and the Naxalite/Maoist–Adivasi insurgency against the...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MumbaiIndia