The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Imperialism and Anti-Imperialism

Living Edition
| Editors: Immanuel Ness, Zak Cope

Anti-apartheid, Anti-capitalism, and Anti-imperialism: Liberation in South Africa

Living reference work entry

The first Mandela was Jesus Christ. The Second was Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela. The third Nelson Mandela are the poor people of the world. (S’bu Zikode, a leader of Abahlali baseMjondolo, the South African shack dwellers movement, quoted in Gibson 2006, p. 12)



“Anti-Apartheid, Anti-Capitalism, and Anti-Imperialism: Liberation in South Africa?”

The entry analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of three movement strategies to achieve liberation in South Africa. The core of anti-apartheid strategy was to unite forces to overcome the racist white domination of the Nationalist Party regime in power since 1948. The anti-capitalist strategy stressed the connection between apartheid’s political and social discrimination with an underpinning capitalist exploitation, promoting independent working class organization and...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of KingstonLondonUK