The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Imperialism and Anti-Imperialism

Living Edition
| Editors: Immanuel Ness, Zak Cope

Ali Shariati (1933–1977)

Living reference work entry

Ali Shariati Mazīnānī was an Iranian sociologist, philosopher, and revolutionary. Blending left-wing Western philosophy with Shi’a Islam, creating a form of Islamic socialism, he is often cited as one of the most influential Iranian intellectuals in the twentieth century and the “ideological father” of the Iranian revolution of 1979 (Jackson 2006, p. 221). Being among the “seminal figures in the prehistory of the Islamic Revolution,” his writings and lectures focused primarily on the progressive and/or revolutionary nature of Islam, especially Shi’a Islam, and how it can address the fundamental problems of the contemporary world, including Western imperialism (Algar 2001, p. 87). Shariati called for a rejuvenation of Iran through a radical yet modern embrace of its Shi’a roots in an attempt to liberate it from foreign domination as well as the Pahlavi monarchy. Although his core ideas were marginalized after the successful removal of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Shah and the institution of...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Associate Professor of Philosophy and ReligionOlivet CollegeOlivetUSA