Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker

Ground Shaking

  • Giuliano F. PanzaEmail author
  • Concettina Nunziata
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73568-9_149


Ground shaking at a site depends on the earthquake source and mostly on local geological conditions (site amplification effect), which increase or decrease the level of shaking compared with standard energy attenuation, in laterally homogeneous media. To deal properly with local geological conditions, the use of standard attenuation relations may be misleading (Molchan et al. 2011).

Using specific knowledge about geological structures and geotechnical engineering properties described in the published material available for any area of interest, earthquake ground motion scenarios can be computed varying the earthquake source position, mechanism, and magnitude based on advanced physical modeling and minimize the above-mentioned drawback (NDSHA method or Neo-Deterministic Seismic Hazard Assessment), see Panza et al. (2011). The three-component synthetic seismograms, computed, with a broadband content and in laterally inelastic models in the domains of displacement, velocity,...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Costanzo MR, Nunziata C, Gambale V (2013) Cap. 4, VS crustal models and spectral amplification effects in the L’Aquila basin (Italy). In: D’amico S (ed) Engineering seismology, geotechnical and structural earthquake engineering. Intech Publisher, Rijeka, Croatia, pp 79–99. www.intechopen.com
  2. Molchan G, Kronrod T, Panza GF (2011) Hot/cold spots in Italian macroseismic data. Pure Appl Geophys 168:739–752CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Nunziata C, De Nisco G, Costanzo MR (2012) Cap. 6, Active and passive experiments for S-wave velocity measurements in urban areas. In: D’amico S (ed) Earthquake research and analysis – new frontiers in seismology. Intech Publisher, Rijeka, Croatia, pp 177–194. www.intechopen.com
  4. Panza GF, La Mura C, Romanelli F, Vaccari F (2011) Earthquakes,strong-ground motion. In: Encyclopedia of solid earth geophysics, vol 1. Springer, New York, pp 252–260Google Scholar
  5. Panza GF, La Mura C, Peresan A, Romanelli F, Vaccari F (2012) Seismic hazard scenarios as preventive tools for a disaster resilient society. In: Dmowska R (ed) Advances in geophysics. Elsevier, London, pp 93–165Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of GeophysicsChina Earthquake AdministrationBeijingChina
  2. 2.International Seismic Safety Organization (ISSO)RomeItaly
  3. 3.Accademia Nazionale dei LinceiRomeItaly
  4. 4.Accademia Nazionale delle Scienze detta deiRomeItaly
  5. 5.Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, dell’Ambiente e delle RisorseUniversitá di Napoli Federico IINapoliItaly