Life on Land

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| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Genetic Diversity: Sources, Threats, and Conservation

  • Marina NonićEmail author
  • Mirjana Šijačić-Nikolić
Living reference work entry



Genetic diversity is a fundamental source of biodiversity which has been defined by different authors as “any measure that quantifies the magnitude of genetic variability within a population” (Hughes et al. 2008) or “the very makeup of the variation of organisms and species on Earth” (Elliott 2002). According to Ennos et al. (2000), genetic diversity presents “the range and sum of genetic variation within a population or populations,” where the term diversity, which simply means the state of displaying dissimilarities, differences, or variety, has acquired an extended meaning which signifies the sum of the variation.

Each individual species is made up of individuals that possess their genes, which are the source of its own unique features (genes are responsible for both the similarities and the differences between organisms). A species may have different populations, each having different...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of ForestryUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Adriana Consorte McCrea

There are no affiliations available