Life on Land

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Amanda Lange Salvia, Tony Wall

Children and Nature: Developing Care for the Land

Living reference work entry



The more-than-human world that is not artifactual and/or technological (Frumkin et al. 2017). Thus, nature includes trees, plants, grasses, rocks, soils, sand, water, animals, sky, stars, and other such constituents and landscapes. With a different focus than that provided in this entry, humans can also be considered natural.

Care for the land

A human interdependent relationship with nature, grounded in reciprocity, affection, respect, responsibility, and responsiveness. This definition integrates Leopold’s (1949/1970) land ethic with traditional theorizing on an ethic of care (Gilligan 1982; Noddings 1984).

Environmental generational amnesia

A specific form of the shifting baselines problem (Soga and Gaston 2018) wherein children construct a conception of what is environmentally normal based on the natural world they encounter in childhood. The crux is that with each ensuing generation, the amount of environmental degradation can and usually does increase, but each...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology & School of Environmental and Forest SciencesUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Adriana Consorte McCrea

There are no affiliations available