Life on Land

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Amanda Lange Salvia, Tony Wall

Forest Carbon Stock and Fluxes: Distribution, Biogeochemical Cycles, and Measurement Techniques

Living reference work entry


Forest carbon stock

It is the amount of carbon sequestered from the atmosphere and stored in a forest ecosystem, mainly within living biomass and soil and, to a lesser extent, in deadwood and litter.

Forest carbon flux

It is the transfer of carbon (mass) to and from the per-unit forest area per unit time. Carbon efflux is the transfer of carbon out of the forest to another pool, and the influx is the transfer of carbon from other pools to the forest.

Forest carbon cycle

It is the constant movement of carbon between the atmosphere and forests. The biological part of this cycle involves carbon sequestration by plants from the atmosphere via photosynthesis and loss of carbon through respiration and decay.

Forest carbon balance

It is a dynamic process that can be calculated as the total carbon uptake by a forest minus the net carbon loss from the forest. The forest carbon balance is highly dependent on disturbances and environmental constraints.


It is the mass of living...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Forest Research InstituteUniversity of the Sunshine CoastMaroochydoreAustralia
  2. 2.Tropical Forestry GroupThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  3. 3.Centre for Research on Land-use SustainabilityDhakaBangladesh
  4. 4.Faculty of ForestryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  5. 5.Department of Forestry and Environmental ScienceShahjalal University of Science and TechnologySylhetBangladesh

Section editors and affiliations

  • Ana Catarina Luz
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (cE3c)LisbonPortugal