Climate Action

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Climate Change Planning: Understanding Policy Frameworks and Financial Mechanisms for Disaster Relief

  • Chris Down
  • S. Jeff BirchallEmail author
Living reference work entry


Climate Change has been broadly defined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as “any change in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity” (IPCC 2014). Consistent with this definition, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) defines climate change as “a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods” (United Nations 1992).

Climate change mitigation refers to the efforts to prevent or reduce the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere by incorporating the use of new technologies and renewable energies, increasing energy efficiency, or changing management practices or consumer behavior (IPCC 2018). Climate change adaptation,on the other hand, is the adjustment in natural or human systems (social or...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EnergyGovernment of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  2. 2.School of Urban and Regional Planning, Department of Earth and Atmospheric SciencesUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • S. Jeff Birchall
    • 1
  1. 1.Urban and Regional Planning, Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of AlbertaEdmontonCanada