Climate Action

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Regulatory Framework of Forestry for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation

  • Mirjana StanisicEmail author
  • Jelena Nedeljkovic
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71063-1_74-1

Definitions

Climate change means “a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods” (UN 1992).

Mitigation (of climate change) is “a human intervention to reduce the sources or enhance the sinks of greenhouse gases” (IPCC 2014).

Adaptation (to climate change) is “the process of adjustment to actual or expected climate and its effects. In human systems, adaptation seeks to moderate or avoid harm or exploit beneficial opportunities. In some natural systems, human intervention may facilitate adjustment to expected climate and its effects” (IPCC 2014).

Regulatory framework of forestry for climate change mitigation and adaptationrefers to the legal documents and procedures, laws, regulations, strategies, policies, directives, and other related documents which are addressing the role of forests and forestry in...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Angelsen A, Brown S, Loisel C et al (2009) Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD): an options assessment report. Meridian Institute, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  2. Austrian Forest program (Österreichische Waldprogramm) (2006) Bundesministerium für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Umwelt und Wasserwirtschaf. Available via: https://www.bmnt.gv.at/dam/jcr:e8e49622-bff5-4ccf.../Waldprogramm_20englisch.pdf. Accessed 21 July 2018
  3. Austrian Forest Strategy 2020+ (Österreichische Waldstrategie 2020+) Bundesministerium für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Umwelt und Wasserwirtschaft. Available via: https://www.bmlfuw.gv.at/forst/oesterreich-wald/waldstrategie-2020.html. Accessed 24 July 2018
  4. Austrian Forestry Act (Forstgesetz 1975) (1975) Federal Law Gazette No. 440/1975, Vienna. Available via: https://www.ris.bka.gv.at/GeltendeFassung/Bundesnormen/10010371/Forstgesetz%201975%2c%20Fassung%20vom%2023.08.2018.pdf. Accessed 24 July 2018
  5. Baron F, Bellassen V, Deheza M (2013) The contribution of European forest-related policies to climate change mitigation: energy substitution first. Climate Report n°40, ParisGoogle Scholar
  6. Beyerlin U, Marauhn T (2011) International environmental law. Beck&Hart, PortlandCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bodansky D (2015) The Paris Agreement 12 December 2015 – legally binding versus non-legally binding instruments. Environ Law Manage 27(5):185–191Google Scholar
  8. Borhart KD (2013) Abeceda prava Evropske unije (the Alfabet of the EU law). Kancelarija za publikacije Evropske unije, LuksemburgGoogle Scholar
  9. Commission staff working document Multi-annual Implementation Plan of the new EU Forest Strategy, SWD (2015) 164 finalGoogle Scholar
  10. Commission staff working document impact assessment. Accompanying the document communication from the commission to the European Parliament and the council energy efficiency and its contribution to energy security and the 2030 framework for climate and energy policy, SWD (2104) 0255 finalGoogle Scholar
  11. Commission white paper. Adapting to climate change: towards a European framework for action, SEC (2009) 387/2 finalGoogle Scholar
  12. Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament concerning the EU Forest Action Plan, COM (2006) 302 finalGoogle Scholar
  13. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, on innovative and sustainable forest-based industries in the EU. A contribution to the EU’s growth and Jobs Strategy, COM (2008) 113 finalGoogle Scholar
  14. Council regulation (EC) No 1999/C56/01 of 15 Dec 1998 on a forestry strategy for the EUGoogle Scholar
  15. Council regulation (EC) No 2173/2005 of 20 Dec 2005 on the establishment of a FLEGT licensing scheme for imports of timber into the European CommunityGoogle Scholar
  16. Council regulation (EC) No 995/2010 of 20 Oct 2010 laying down the obligations of operators who place timber and timber products on the marketGoogle Scholar
  17. Council regulation (EC). Text approved (P8 TA-PROV (2018)0096) of 17 Apr 2018 on the inclusion of greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use, land use change and forestryGoogle Scholar
  18. England forestry strategy (England forestry strategy: new focus on for England’s woodlands) (1998) Available via https://www.forestry.gov.uk/pdf/fcefs.pdf/$FILE/fcefs.pdf. Accessed 24 July 2018
  19. European Parliament directive No 2009/31 of 23 Sept 2009 on the geological storage of carbon dioxide European Parliament resolution No 2011/2307(INI) of 20 Apr 2012 on our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020Google Scholar
  20. European Parliament resolution No 2014/2223 (INI) of 28 Apr 2015 on a new EU forestry strategy: for forests and the forests based sectorGoogle Scholar
  21. FAO (2006) Understanding national forest programs. Guidance for practitioners. FAO Rome. Available via FAO. http://www.fao.org/tempref/docrep/fao/012/a0826e/a0826e00.pdf. Accessed 2 Apr 2018
  22. FAO (2011) Climate change for forest policy-makers (an approach for integrating climate change into national forest programmes in support of sustainable forest management). FAO Rome. Available via Worldbank. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/210731468332049368/pdf/WPS4941.pdf. Accessed 2 May 2018
  23. FAO (2015) Climate change and forestry legislation in support of REDD+. FAO Rome Available via FAO http://wwwfaoorg/fileadmin/user_upload/legal/docs/lpo_92pdf. Accessed 21 July 2018
  24. FAO 2017 National Forest Program Available via: http://www.fao.org/forestry/nfp/en/. Accessed 9 December 2018
  25. Finland’s national forest program (2015) The government of Finland. Available via https://www2.uef.fi/documents/1192563/1939367/NFP_2015_Finlands_National_Forestry_Programme_2015_2010.pdf/544ffbb6-d760-485f-b12b-7f70a5c5ac56. Accessed 21 July 2018
  26. Forestry law of Austria (Forstgesetz 1975) (1975) Gesamte Rechtsvorschrift für Forstgesetz, Wienna. Available via FAO. http://extwprlegs1.fao.org/docs/pdf/aut89288.pdf. Accessed 22 July 2018
  27. German forestry strategy 2020 (Waldstrategie 2020) Federal ministry of food, agriculture and consumer protection. Available via: https://www.bmel.de/SharedDocs/Downloads/EN/Publications/ForestStrategy2020.pdf;jsessionid=1A21E1E39F59E26F74C02D6F543848C9.2_cid385?__blob=publicationFile. Accessed 24 July 2018
  28. Gluck P (2001) Forst- und Holzwirtschaftspolitik. Institut fur Soziookonomik der Forst- und Holzwirtschaft, BOKU, WienGoogle Scholar
  29. Green Paper on Forest Protection and Information in the EU: preparing forests for climate change SEC (2010)163 finalGoogle Scholar
  30. IPCC (2014) Annex II: Glossary (ed). In: Climate Change 2014: synthesis report. contribution of working groups I, II and III to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Available via IPCC. https://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/syr/AR5_SYR_FINAL_Glossary.pdf. Accessed 22 July 2018
  31. Krott M (2005) Forest policy analysis. Springer, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  32. Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC (1997) Adopted by General Assembly in 1997, A/RES/31/72. Available at https://unfccc.int/resource/docs/convkp/kpeng.pdf. Accessed 24 June 2018
  33. National forestry policy and strategy of Croatia (Nacionalna sumarska politika i strategija) (2003) The government of the Republic of Croatia. Available via: http://extwprlegs1.fao.org/docs/pdf/cro145591.pdf. Accessed 24 July 2018
  34. National forestry strategy of Republic of Serbia (Strategija razvoja sumarstva Republike Srbije) 2006. The government of the republic of Serbia. Available via: https://www.fornetserbia.com/doc/shared/Strategija_razvoja_sumarstva.pdf. Accessed 24 July 2018
  35. Netherlands conservation act (Wet natuurbscherming) (2017) Ministerie van Landbouw, Natuur en Voedselkwaliteit, WBR0037552/2018-07-01 Den Haag Available via http://wetten.overheid.nl/BWBR0037552/2018-07-01. Accessed 23 July 2018
  36. Nonić D (2015) Organizacija i poslovanje u šumarstvu – udžbenik (Organization and business administration inforestry – textbook). Univerzitet u Beogradu-Šumarski fakultet, BeogradGoogle Scholar
  37. Pan Y, Birdsey R, Fang J et al (2011) A large and persistent carbon sink in the World’s forests. Science 333:998–993.  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1201609CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Paquel K, Bowyer C, Allen B et al (2017) Analysis of LULUCF actions in EU Member States as reported under Art. 10 of the LULUCF decision. Report for DG CLIMA. EC. Brussels. Available via IEEP. https://ieep.eu/uploads/articles/attachments/50d55380-e29d-4e41-9a96-f1d011328828/Art%2010%20study%20final%200108%20clean.pdf?v=63687224233. Accessed 15 Jun 2018
  39. Paris Agreement of UNFCCC (2016) Adopted by the conference of a members in 2016. https://treaties.un.org/pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=XXVII-7-d&chapter=27&clang=_en. Accessed 13 June 2018
  40. Report on the EU Forestry Strategy (1996) (PE 213.578), finalGoogle Scholar
  41. Slovenian resolution on national forest program (Resolucija o nacionalnem gozdnem program) (2007) Zveza gozdarskih društev Slovenije – Gozdarska založba Ministrstvo za kmetijstvo, gozdarstvo in prehrano RS. Available via MKGP. http://www.mkgp.gov.si/fileadmin/mkgp.gov.si/pageuploads/podrocja/Gozdarstvo/NFP_RS.pdf. Accessed 20 July 2018
  42. Spanish forest plan (Plan Forestal Español) (2002) Ministry of Environment. Available via https://www.mapama.gob.es/es/desarrollo-rural/temas/politica-forestal/planificacion-forestal/politica-forestal-en-espana/pfe_plan_forestal_esp.aspx. Accessed 24 July 2018
  43. Spanish forest strategy (Estrategia Forestal Español) (2000) Ministry of Environment. Available via: https://www.mapama.gob.es/es/desarrollo-rural/temas/politica-forestal/sfs_tcm30-155837.pdf. Accessed 24 July 2018
  44. Spanish forestry law (Ley 43/2003) (2003) Boletin del Oficial del Estado No. 280, Madrid. Available via: http://noticias.juridicas.com/base_datos/Admin/l43-2003.html. Accessed 24 July 2018
  45. The Law on forests of Croatia (Zakon o šumama). National Gazette of Croatia No. 140/2005, 140/2005, 82/2006, 129/2008, 80/2010, 124/2010, 25/2012, 68/2012, 148/2013, 94/2014). Zagreb Available via: http://narodnenovine.nn.hr/clanci/sluzbeni/2008_11_129_3681.html. Accessed 23 July 2018
  46. The Law on forests of the Republic of Serbia (Zakon o šumama) (2010) Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia No. 30/10, Belgrade. Available via http://www.vojvodinasume.rs/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Zakon-o-sumama.pdf. Accessed 24 July 2018
  47. UN (1992) United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, United NationsGoogle Scholar
  48. UK Forestry standard: the Governments approach to sustainable forestry (2017) Available via Forestry https://www.forestry.gov.uk/pdf/FCFC001.pdf/$FILE/FCFC001.pdf. Accessed 22 July 2018
  49. UNFCCC (1992) Adopted by the General Assembly in 1994, A/RES/48/189. Available via: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3b00f2770.html. Accessed 25 June 2018

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of ForestryUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Dragan Nonic
    • 1
  1. 1.Chair of Forestry Economics and OrganisationUniversity of Belgrade - Faculty of ForestryBelgradeSerbia