Climate Action

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Climate Change Mitigation

  • Isabella AlloisioEmail author
  • Simone Borghesi
Living reference work entry


Climate change mitigation refers to actions to reduce or prevent emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) causing human-induced climate change. Mitigation can be reached by using new technologies, fostering renewable energies, making older energy systems more efficient, or changing management practices or consumer behavior. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2014), mitigation can be defined as “the effort to control the human sources of climate change and their cumulative impacts, notably the emission of GHGs and other pollutants, such as black carbon particles, that also affect the planet’s energy balance. Mitigation also includes efforts to enhance the processes that remove GHGs from the atmosphere, known as sinks.”

Climate change is a modification in the statistical distribution of weather patterns that lasts for an extended period of time. Climate change may refer to an alteration in average weather conditions or in the time variation of weather...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Florence School of Regulation Climate, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced StudiesEuropean University InstituteFlorenceItaly

Section editors and affiliations

  • Federica Doni

There are no affiliations available