Climate Action

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation: Role of Mangroves in Southeast Asia

  • Hock Lye Koh
  • Su Yean TehEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71063-1_107-1

Definitions

Climate change refers to a change in the state of the climate that can be identified by changes in the mean and/or the variability of its properties and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer (IPCC 2014). Managing the risks of climate change involves mitigation and adaptation decisions with implications for future generations, economies, and environments.

Climate change mitigation refers to actions to limit the magnitude or rate of long-term global climate change and its related effect. This mainly involves reducing the anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases and stabilizing the levels of these heat-trapping greenhouse gases in the atmosphere within a time frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened, and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner.

Climate change adaptation is the adjustment of natural or human systems to the changing climate,...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Alongi DM (2002) Present state and future of the world’s mangrove forests. Environ Conserv 29:331–349.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892902000231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alongi DM (2008) Mangrove forests: resilience, protection from tsunamis and responses to global climate change. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 76:1–13.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2007.08.024CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alongi DM (2009) The energetics of mangrove forests. Springer Science, New York, 179 pp.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4271-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barbier EB, Koch EW, Silliman BR et al (2008) Coastal ecosystem–based management with nonlinear ecological functions and values. Science 319:321–323.  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1150349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Biswas SR, Mallik AU, Choudhury JK, Nishat A (2008) A unified framework for the restoration of Southeast Asian mangroves—bridging ecology, society and economics. Wetl Ecol Manag 17:365–383.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11273-008-9113-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bormthanarat S, Hossain Z, Chairoenwatana B (2007) Community-led mangrove rehabilitation: experiences from Hua Khao community, Sangkhla, Thailand. Asia Pac J Rural Dev XVI(2):53–68Google Scholar
  7. Brander LM, Wagtendonk AJ, Hussain SS et al (2012) Ecosystem service values for mangroves in Southeast Asia: a meta-analysis and value transfer application. Ecosyst Serv 1:62–69.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2012.06.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Brundtland G (1987) Report of the world commission on environment and development: our common future. United Nations General Assembly document A/42/427Google Scholar
  9. Chen LZ, Zeng XQ, NFY T et al (2012) Comparing carbon sequestration and stand structure of monoculture and mixed mangrove plantations of Sonneratia caseolaris and S. apetala in Southern China. For Ecol Manag 284:222–229.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2012.06.058CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Coxhead I (2007) A new resource curse? Impacts of China’s boom on comparative advantage and resource dependence in Southeast Asia. World Dev 35(7):1099–1119.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2006.10.012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Donato DC, Kauffman JB, Murdiyarso D et al (2011) Mangroves among the most carbon rich forests in the tropics. Nat Geosci 4:293–297.  https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Duncan C, Primavera JH, Pettorelli N et al (2016) Rehabilitating mangrove ecosystem services: a case study on the relative benefits of abandoned pond reversion from Panay Island, Philippines. Mar Pollut Bull 109:772–782.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.05.049CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ellison AM (2000) Mangrove restoration: do we know enough? Restor Ecol 8(3):219–229.  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1526-100x.2000.80033.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Feller IC, Friess DA, Krauss KW, Lewis IIIRR (2017) The state of the world’s mangroves in the 21st century under climate change. Hydrobiologia 803:1–12.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-017-3331-zCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ferreira S (2004) Deforestation, property rights, and international trade. Land Econ 80(2):174–193.  https://doi.org/10.2307/3654737CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Fourqurean JW, Duarte CM, Kennedy H et al (2012) Seagrass ecosystems as a globally significant carbon stock. Nat Geosci 5:505–509.  https://doi.org/10.1038/NGEO1477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gan BK (1995) A working plan for the Matang Mangrove Forest Reserve, Perak (fourth revision). State Forest Department of Perak Darul Ridzuan, IpohGoogle Scholar
  18. Gilbert AJ, Janssen R (1998) Use of environmental functions to communicate the values of a mangrove ecosystem under different management regimes. Ecol Econ 25:323–346.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8009(97)00064-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Giri C, Ochieng E, Tieszen LL et al (2011) Status and distribution of mangrove forests of the world using earth observation satellite data. Glob Ecol Biogeogr 20:154–159.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00584.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hamilton SE, Casey D (2016) Creation of a high spatio-temporal resolution global database of continuous mangrove forest cover for the 21st century. Glob Ecol Biogeogr 25:729–738.  https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Himes-Cornell A, Grose SO, Pendleton L (2018) Mangrove ecosystem service values and methodological approaches to valuation: where do we stand? Front Mar Sci 5:376.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2018.00376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Horstman EM, Dohmen-Janssen CM, Narra PMF, Van den Berg NJF, Siemerink M, Hulscher SJMH (2014) Wave attenuation in mangroves: a quantitative approach to field observations. Coast Eng 94:47–62.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2014.08.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ilman M, Dargusch P, Dart P, Onrizal (2016) A historical analysis of the drivers of loss and degradation of Indonesia’s mangroves. Land Use Policy 54:448–459.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2016.03.010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. IPCC (2014) Climate change 2014: synthesis report. In: Pachauri RK, Meyer LA (eds) Contribution of working groups I, II and III to the fifth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva, p 151Google Scholar
  25. Koch EW, Barbier EB, Silliman BR et al (2009) Non-linearity in ecosystem services: temporal and spatial variability in coastal protection. Front Ecol Environ 7:29–37.  https://doi.org/10.1890/080126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Koh HL, Teh SY, Liu PL-F, Md IAI, Lee HL (2009) Simulation of Andaman 2004 tsunami for assessing impact on Malaysia. J Asian Earth Sci 36:74–83.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2008.09.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Macintosh DJ, Ashton EC (2002) A review of mangrove biodiversity conservation and management. World Bank and Centre for Tropical Ecosystem Research, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, p 71Google Scholar
  28. Martinez ML, Intralawan A, Vazquez G et al (2007) The coasts of our world: ecological, economic and social importance. Ecol Econ 63:254–272.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.10.022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Mazda Y, Wolanski E, King B, Sase A, Ohtsuka D, Magi M (1997) Drag force due to vegetation in mangrove swamps. Mangrove Salt Marshes 1:193–199.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009949411068CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Mcleod E, Chmura GL, Bouillon S et al (2011) A blueprint for blue carbon: toward an improved understanding of the role of vegetated coastal habitats in sequestering CO2. Front Ecol Environ 9:552–560.  https://doi.org/10.1890/110004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (Program) (2005) Ecosystems and human well-being. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment series. Island Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  32. Peng YS, Chen GZ, Li SY, Liu Y, Pernetta J (2013) Use of degraded coastal wetland in an integrated mangrove aquaculture system: a case study from the South China Sea. Ocean Coast Manag 85:209–213.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2013.04.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Peng Y, Zheng M, Zheng Z et al (2016) Virtual increase or latent loss? A reassessment of mangrove populations and their conservation in Guangdong, southern China. Mar Pollut Bull 109:691–699.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.06.083CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Primavera JH, Esteban JMA (2008) A review of mangrove rehabilitation in the Philippines: successes, failures and future prospects. Wetl Ecol Manag 16:345–358.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11273-008-9101-yCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Primavera JH, Rollon RN, Samson MS (2012) The pressing challenges of mangrove rehabilitation: pond reversion and coastal protection. In: Chicharo L, Zalewski M (eds) Treatise on estuarine and coastal science. Academic Press, Waltham, pp 217–244.  https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-374711-2.01010-XCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Proctor J, Anderson JM, Chai P, Vallack HW (1983) Ecological studies in four contrasting lowland rain forests in Gunung Mulu National Park, Sarawak. J Ecol 71:237–260.  https://doi.org/10.2307/2259975CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Ricklefs RE, Latham RE (1993) Global patterns of diversity in mangrove floras. In: Ricklefs RE, Schulter D (eds) Species diversity in ecological communities. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp 215–229Google Scholar
  38. Ross MS, Meeder JF, Sah JP, Ruiz PI, Telesnicki GJ (2000) The Southwest Saline Everglades revisited: 50 years of coastal vegetation change. J Veg Sci 11:101–112.  https://doi.org/10.2307/3236781CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Ruiz-Jaen M, Aide MT (2005) Restoration success: how is it being measured? Restor Ecol 13(3):569–577.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-100X.2005.00072.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Spalding MD, Blasco F, Field CD (eds) (1997) World mangrove atlas. The International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems, OkinawaGoogle Scholar
  41. TEEB (2010). In: Kumar P (ed) The economics of ecosystems and biodiversity: ecological and economic foundations. Earthscan, London/Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  42. Teh SY, Koh HL, Liu PL-F, Md IAI, Lee HL (2009) Analytical and numerical simulation of tsunami mitigation by mangroves in Penang, Malaysia. J Asian Earth Sci 36:38–46.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2008.09.007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Tomlinson PB (1986) The botany of mangroves. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  44. UNEP (2014). In: van Bochove J, Sullivan E, Nakamura T (eds) The importance of mangroves to people: a call to action. United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge, p 128Google Scholar
  45. UNEP-WCMC (2006) In the front line: shoreline protection and other ecosystem services from mangroves and coral reefs. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, p 33Google Scholar
  46. Weiss J (2009) The economics of climate change in Southeast Asia: a regional review. © Asian Development Bank. http://hdl.handle.net/11540/179. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO
  47. WRI (1996) World resources 1996–7 a guide to the global environment. WRI/UNEP/UNDP/WB. World Resources Institute, Oxford University Press, New York, p 342Google Scholar
  48. Wylie L, Sutton-Grier AE, Moore A (2016) Keys to successful blue carbon projects: lessons learned from global case studies. Mar Policy 65:76–84.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2015.12.020. Accessed 8 Jan 2016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Zhang K, Liu H, Li Y, Xu H, Shen J, Rhome J, Smith TJ III (2012) The role of mangroves in attenuating storm surges. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 102(103):11–23.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2012.02.021CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jeffrey Sachs Center on Sustainable DevelopmentSunway University, Bandar SunwayPetaling JayaMalaysia
  2. 2.School of Mathematical SciencesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaPulau PinangMalaysia

Section editors and affiliations

  • S. Jeff Birchall
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Urban and Regional Planning, Department of Earth and Atmospheric SciencesUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada