Sustainable Cities and Communities

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Gender-Responsive Public Transport

  • Arunima Kishore DasEmail author
Living reference work entry


While sex is considered as a fact of biology, the concept of gender includes all the socially given attributes, roles, activities, responsibilities, and expectations that are deemed appropriate for men and women in a given culture (March et al. 1999). In alignment with this definition, UNICEF (2017) identifies gender equality as a state that provides everyone equal conditions, treatment, and opportunities regardless of their gender to ensure that they can exercise their full potential, human rights, and dignity to contribute to and get benefits from economic, social, cultural, and political development.

“Gender-responsiveness means paying attention to the unique needs of females, valuing their perspectives, respecting their experiences, understanding developmental differences between girls and boys, women and men and ultimately empowering girls and women” (UNICEF 2017, p. 5). According to UNESCO (2003), the programs and project objectives that follow a nondiscriminatory...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Humanities and Communication ArtsWestern Sydney UniversitySydneyAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Astrid Skjerven
    • 1
  1. 1.OsloMet -Oslo Metropolitan UniversityOsloNorway