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Creating Resilience, Minimizing Vulnerability of Communities

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Part of the Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals book series (ENUNSDG)



A resilient system is characterized by including a community of humans (or other living beings), who provide the ability and capacity for necessary self-organization and adaption. Resilience is the active ability of a system, to cope with the unexpected, especially with disruptive challenges through adaption. Here adaption is a conscious and active process involving reorganization, not an automatic response.

Impact or disruptive challenge:

An impact or disruptive challenge is characterized by the combination of being an unexpected event affecting a system and having the potential to harm or destroy this system.


Vulnerability defines the degree to which a system is susceptible to adverse effects and unable to cope with them. This includes solely technical systems (machines) as well as humans or communities.


The degree to which a system can sustain an impact without being changed substantially or irreversibly is its robustness. Impacts...

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Correspondence to Sven Linow .

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Linow, S. (2020). Creating Resilience, Minimizing Vulnerability of Communities. In: Leal Filho, W., Azul, A., Brandli, L., Lange Salvia, A., Wall, T. (eds) Affordable and Clean Energy. Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Springer, Cham.

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