Affordable and Clean Energy

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Amanda Lange Salvia, Tony Wall

Creating Resilience, Minimizing Vulnerability of Communities

  • Sven LinowEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71057-0_96-1
  • 40 Downloads

Definitions

Resilience

A resilient system is characterized by including a community of humans (or other living beings), who provide the ability and capacity for necessary self-organization and adaption. Resilience is the active ability of a system, to cope with the unexpected, especially with disruptive challenges through adaption. Here adaption is a conscious and active process involving reorganization, not an automatic response.

Impact or disruptive challenge

An impact or disruptive challenge is characterized by the combination of being an unexpected event affecting a system and having the potential to harm or destroy this system.

Vulnerability

Vulnerability defines the degree to which a system is susceptible to adverse effects and unable to cope with them. This includes solely technical systems (machines) as well as humans or communities.

Robustness

The degree to which a system can sustain an impact without being changed substantially or irreversibly is its robustness. Impacts that...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Adger WN (2006) Vulnerability. Glob Environ Chang 16:268–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Altherr LC, Brötz N, Dietrich I et al (2018) Resilience in mechanical engineering – a concept for controlling uncertainty during design, production and usage phase of load bearing structures. Appl Mech Mater 885:187–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ansar A, Flyvbjerg B, Budzier A, Lunn D (2014) Should we build more large dams? The actual cost of hydropower megaproject development. Energy Policy 69:43–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bridle J (2018) New dark age. Technology and the end of the future. Verso, LondonGoogle Scholar
  5. Briggs CM (2012) Climate security, risk assessment and military planning. Int Aff 88:1049–1064CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Carley S, Evans TP, Graff M, Knoisky DM (2018) A framework for evaluating geographic disparities in energy transition vulnerability. Nat Energy 3:621–627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chang SE, McDaniels T, Fox J et al (2014) Toward disaster-resilient cities: characterizing resilience of infrastructure systems with expert judgments. Risk Anal 34:416–434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cherp A, Jewell J (2014) The concept of energy security: beyond the four as. Energy Policy 75:415–421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gunderson LH (2000) Ecological resilience – in theory and application. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 31:425–439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. IEC. IEC White Paper: stable grid operations in a future of distributed electric power. International Electrotechnical Comission, Geneva. https://basecamp.iec.ch/download/iec-white-paper-stable-grid-operations-in-a-future-of-distributed-electric-power-en/
  11. IEC. IEC White Paper: orchestrating infrastructure for sustainable Smart Cities. International Electrotechnical Comission, Geneva. https://basecamp.iec.ch/download/iec-white-paper-orchestrating-infrastructure-for-sustainable-smart-cities/
  12. IEC. IEC White Paper: microgrids for disaster preparedness and recovery, with electricity continuity plans and systems. International Electrotechnical Comission, Geneva. https://basecamp.iec.ch/download/iec-white-paper-microgrids-for-disaster-preparedness-and-recovery-with-electricity-continuity-plans-and-systems/
  13. IPCC (2019) Climate change and land. An IPCC Special Report on climate change, desertification, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems. Geneva. https://www.ipcc.ch/srccl/
  14. ISO 12100 (2010) Safety of machinery – General principles for design – Risk assessment and risk reduction. International Organization for Standardization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  15. ISO 31000 (2018) Risk management – Guidelines. International Organization for Standardization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  16. IEC/ISO 31010 (2019) Risk management – Risk assessment techniques. International Electrotechnical Comission, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  17. Kalisch R, Baker DG, Basten U et al (2017) The resilience framework as a strategy to combat stress-related disorders. Nat Hum Behav 1:784–790CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kisel E, Hamburg A, Leppiman A, Ots M (2016) Concept for energy security matrix. Energy Polica 95:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Martsauskas L, Augutis J, Krkstolaitis R (2018) Methodology for energy security assessment considering energy system resilience to disruptions. Energ Strat Rev 22:106–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Molyneaux L, Brown C, Wagner L, Foster F (2016) Measuring resilience in energy systems: insights from a range of disciplines. Renew Sust Energ Rev 59:1068–1079CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Narbel PA, Hansen JP, Lien RR (2014) Energy technologies and economics. Springer, HeidelbergCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. O’Brien G, Hope A (2010) Localism and energy: negotiating approaches to embedding resilience in energy systems. Energy Policy 38:7550–7558CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pal JS, Eltahir AAB (2016) Future temperature in Southwest Asia projected to exceed a threshold for human adaptability. Nat Clim Chang 6:197–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Palmer G. Floyd J (2020) Energy Storage and Civilisation. A Systems Approach. Springer, ChamGoogle Scholar
  25. Panteli M, Mancarella P (2015) Influence of extreme weather and climate change on the resilience of power systems: impacts and possible mitigation strategies. Electr Power Syst Res 127:259–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Perkins JH (2017) Changing energy. The transition to a sustainable future. University of California Press, OaklandGoogle Scholar
  27. Rao ND, Min J, Mastrucci A (2019) Energy requirements for decent living in India, Brazil and South Africa. Nat Energy 4:1025–1032CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sen A (2000) The discipline of cost benefit analysis. J Leg Stud 29:931–952CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Siders AR, Hino M, Mach KJ (2019) The case for strategic and managed climate retreat. Science 365:761–763CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Smith P, Hutchinson D, Sterbenz JPG (2011) Network resilience: a systematic approach. IEEE Commun 49:88–97Google Scholar
  31. Smil V (2017) Energy and Civilisation. A History. The MIT Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  32. Su Y, Gagné K (2019) Understanding and responding to the combined impact of climate change and armed conflict on people’s lives. A Literature Review Prepared for the ICRC. International Comittee of the Red Cross, Geneva.Google Scholar
  33. Taleb NN, Bar-Yam Y, Douady R et al (2014) The precautionary principle: fragility and black swans from policy actions. https://arxiv.org/pdf/1410.5787.pdf
  34. Tierny K (2014) The social roots of risk. Producing disasters, promoting resilience. Stanford University Press, Palo AltoGoogle Scholar
  35. United Nations (2015) Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction 2015–2030. https://www.undrr.org/publication/sendai-framework-disaster-risk-reduction-2015-2030
  36. Walker B, Holling CS, Carpenter SR, Kinzig A (2005) Resilience, adaptability and transformability in social–ecological systems. Ecology and Society 9. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol9/iss2/art5
  37. Wang Y, Chen C, Wang J, Baldick R (2016) Research on resilience of power systems under natural disasters – a review. IEEE Trans Power Syst 31:1604–1613CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wrathall DJ, Mueller V, Clark PU et al (2019) Meeting the looming policy challenge of sea-level change and human migration. Nat Clim Chang 9:898–903CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fachbereich Maschinenbau und KunststofftechnikHochschule DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Elisa Conticelli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ArchitectureAlma Mater Studiorum – University of BolognaBolognaItaly