Affordable and Clean Energy

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Amanda Lange Salvia, Tony Wall

Energy Consumption: Strategies to Foster Sustainable Energy Consumption

Living reference work entry


Energy consumption is the quantity of energy utilized by a task or entity such us an individual, a household, a building, or a city.

The world energy consumption represents the total amount of energy consumed from every energy source applied toward all human-related activities. There are many forms of energy. Broadly speaking, electric energy is a major component of residential and commercial energy consumption, while liquid fuels are for transportation. Industrial sector is generally a mix of both.

The usual measure of energy consumption is the total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) that represents the total sum of energy production minus storage changes on a global level. Since changes in energy storage are not substantial from 1 year to another, TPES is commonly used as an approximation for energy consumption.


Total world energy in 2015 came from 81.4% fossil fuels (oil, coal, and natural gas), 9.7% biofuels, 4.9% nuclear, and 4.0% renewable (hydro, wind, solar,...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Asia School of Business, UAI Business School, and Sloan School of ManagementMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyKuala LumpurMalaysia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Luciana Londero Brandli
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Passo FundoPasso FundoBrazil