Affordable and Clean Energy

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Amanda Lange Salvia, Tony Wall

Energy Policies in the Context of Sustainable Development

  • Pami AaltoEmail author
  • Ilkka Ruostetsaari
  • Kim Talus
  • C. Johannes Muth
Living reference work entry


Energy is often referred to as the “lifeblood of our society” (Gramlich 2012, p. 371). Hence it represents a significant component of economic development. One of the state’s key objectives is therefore to develop policies and strategies to balance the country’s energy supply and consumption. Thus, energy policy concerns all activities of the energy industry including the extraction and development of resources, energy production, the transport and distribution of energy resources, and end products – heat, cold, electricity – as well as the consumption of energy on both industrial and small scales (Goldemberg and Johansson 2004; Owen 2009, p. 1). However, in addition to the activities of the energy industry, small-scale consumer-producers of energy such as owners of rooftop solar PV panels or energy communities selling part of their power or heat production to the grid operator also matter for energy policy (see section “How Does Governance Within the State Affect...

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This work was supported by the Strategic Research Council project “Transition to a Resource Effective and Climate Neutral Electricity System” (EL-TRAN) (Aalto/no. 293437).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pami Aalto
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ilkka Ruostetsaari
    • 1
  • Kim Talus
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • C. Johannes Muth
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Management and Business/PoliticsTampere UniversityTampereFinland
  2. 2.Tulane Center for Energy LawTulane UniversityNew OrleansUSA
  3. 3.UEF Law SchoolUniversity of Eastern FinlandJoensuuFinland
  4. 4.Faculty of LawUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

Section editors and affiliations

  • Matti Sommarberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Management and BusinessTampere UniversityTampereFinland