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Information and Communication Technologies, and Learning Theories: Putting Pedagogy into Practice

  • Vanessa P. DennenEmail author
  • Kerry J. Burner
  • Michelle L. Cates
Reference work entry
Part of the Springer International Handbooks of Education book series (SIHE)

Abstract

This chapter explores how learning theory relates to the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the K-12 classroom. Teachers need both pedagogical knowledge and technological knowledge, along with content knowledge, in order to support effective learning experiences for their students. Learning theories guide this pedagogical knowledge, providing support for which instructional strategies teachers might use. The three historically dominant learning theories – behaviorism, cognitivist, and constructivism – are briefly presented through vignettes that explore student and teacher ICT use. Basic tenets of each theory are briefly discussed along with examples of instructional strategies that reflect each theoretical approach to ICT use. A fourth theory, connectivism, which has yet to be fully accepted or embraced as a major learning theory but nonetheless represents a theoretical approach to learning via ICT-based networks, also is explored. With these theories in mind, this chapter notes that ICT are not always used in a manner that reflects sound or thoughtful pedagogical decisions; a teacher’s pedagogical choices may also be system-driven or technology-driven. As the chapter concludes, we share implications both for using ICT in a manner that is consistent with and fully supports learner development and for supporting teacher development of knowledge about learning theory along with the intersection of pedagogy and technology.

Keywords

Behaviorism Cognitivisim Constructivism Connectivism Learning theory Pedagogy ICT 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanessa P. Dennen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kerry J. Burner
    • 1
  • Michelle L. Cates
    • 1
  1. 1.Florida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kwok-Wing Lai
    • 1
  • Keryn Pratt
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Otago College of EducationDunedinNew Zealand
  2. 2.University of Otago College of EducationNorth DunedinNew Zealand

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