Gender Equality

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Violence Against Women

  • Giovanna Guilhen Mazaro AraújoEmail author
  • Jéssica Souza Mauro
  • José Baltazar Salgueirinho Osório de Andrade Guerra
Living reference work entry



Several studies deal with how the attitude of violence against women correlates with sexism, because women are beaten simply because of their gender. The violence against women can be understood in a general context as any type of aggression, whether physical or psychological, including sexual abuse, deprivation of liberty, and threats directed by men against women be at home or in the community. The Sustainable Development Goals aim at equal rights to provide economic and social progress to all, so the fifth Sustainable Development Goal (SDG 5) seeks to eradicate violence against women and promote gender equality.


Violence is defined by the World Health Organization as “the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, that either...

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This study was conducted by the Research Centre on Energy Efficiency and Sustainability (Greens) from the University of Southern Santa Catarina (UNISUL), in the context of the project BRIDGE (Building Resilience in a Dynamic Global Economy: Complexity across scales in the Brazilian Food-Water-Energy Nexus), funded by the Newton Fund, Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa e Inovação do Estado de Santa Catarina and the Research Councils United Kingdom (RCUK).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giovanna Guilhen Mazaro Araújo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jéssica Souza Mauro
    • 1
  • José Baltazar Salgueirinho Osório de Andrade Guerra
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Sustainable Development/Research Centre on Energy Efficiency and Sustainability (Greens)University of Southern Santa Catarina (UNISUL)FlorianópolisBrazil

Section editors and affiliations

  • Sandra Hopkins
    • 1
  1. 1.International Thriving at Work Research GroupUniversity of ChesterChesterUK