Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging

Living Edition
| Editors: Danan Gu, Matthew E. Dupre

Aerobic Exercise Training and Healthy Aging

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69892-2_605-1
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Synonyms

Definition

Aerobic exercise is physical exercise that depends mainly on oxygen utilization to meet the metabolic demands of the body. Examples of aerobic exercise include walking, jogging or running, cycling, and swimming.

Overview

Maximal aerobic exercise capacity declines across the adult lifespan, accelerating at older ages. This age-associated decline in aerobic capacity is exacerbated by sedentary lifestyle, loss of muscle mass, and superimposed comorbidities common to older adults such as cardiac, pulmonary, and peripheral artery disease. Aerobic exercise training elicits significant improvement in peak oxygen consumption (VO2) in both healthy and diseased older adults and produces salutary effects on blood pressure, lipids, glucose tolerance, bone density, depression, cognition, and quality of life. However, increasing the low participation rates of older adults in both home-based and supervised aerobic exercise programs constitutes a major challenge...

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Notes

Disclosure

The author has no relevant conflicts to disclose. The views in this manuscript are solely those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute the National Institutes of Health or the US Department of Health and Human Services.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Cardiovascular Sciences, National Heart, Lung, and Blood InstituteNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Wei Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of Hawaii at ManoaHonoluluUSA