Age Discrimination in the Workplace
Age discrimination in the workplace is defined by differential behavior exhibited toward an employee on the basis of their chronological age. While age discrimination can be directed toward workers of all ages, in the context of older workers, age discrimination includes preferential treatment toward younger employees in terms of job selection, promotion, personal and professional development, forced redundancies and performance reviews (Griffin et al. 2017). Informally, employees can also experience discrimination at work through the expression of ageist attitudes, derisive language, and social isolation (Giles and Gasiorek 2011). Research often makes important distinction between actual discrimination from perceived discrimination; the latter referring to an employee’s subjective perception of having been a recipient of discriminatory behavior (Griffin et al. 2016).
The prevalence of age discrimination in the workplace has been difficult to determine due to a lack...
- American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) (2014) Staying ahead of the curve 2013: the AARP work and career study. Older workers in an uneasy job market. AARP Research, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
- Australian Human Rights Commission (2016) Willing to work: national enquiry into employment discrimination against older Australians and Australians with disability. Australian Human Rights Commission, SydneyGoogle Scholar
- Ferraro KF, Shippee TP, Schafer MH (2009) Cumulative inequality theory for research on aging and the life course. In: Bengston VL, Silverstein M, Putney NM, Gans D (eds) Handbook of theories of aging, 2nd edn. Springer, New York, pp 413–433Google Scholar
- Finkelstein LM (2015) Older workers, stereotypes, and discrimination in the context of the employment relationship. In: Bal PM, Kooij DTAM, Rousseau DM (eds) Aging workers and the employee-employer relationship. Springer, Cham, pp 13–32Google Scholar
- Griffin B, Bayl-Smith PH, Barbour J (2017) Age discrimination and older workers. In: Nelson TD (ed) Ageism: stereotyping and prejudice against older persons, 2nd edn. MIT Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar