Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging

Living Edition
| Editors: Danan Gu, Matthew E. Dupre

Adult Foster Homes

  • Cari LevyEmail author
  • Paula Carder
  • Leah Haverhals
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69892-2_295-1



Adult foster homes (AFH) are a type of residential long-term care available throughout the United States. An AFH is a private residence where the owner or a paid caregiver lives with a small number of residents, usually fewer than six, who receive personal care, social/recreational activities, and health oversight.


Many of these homes serve older adults with physical disabilities, including those with cognitive impairment. Most states (38) license AFHs (Carder et al. 2015), though the definition, capacity, types of services, and staffing requirements vary. AFHs might be purpose-built, but more often are converted single-family residences (Folkemer et al. 1996; Mollica et al. 2008).

Examples of Application

AFH in Oregon

Some states limit AFH services to meals, social activities, and assistance with basic needs like laundry and housekeeping. Others...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.VA Eastern Colorado Health Care SystemAuroraUSA
  2. 2.OHSU-PSU School of Public HealthPortlandUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Xiaoling Xiang
    • 1
  • Emily Nicklett
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Social WorkUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.School of Social WorkUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA