Good Health and Well-Being

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Tony Wall, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar

Gut Microbiota; Impacts on Human Health and Wellbeing

  • Diane E. DepkenEmail author
Living reference work entry



Plant or animal life


A term for a microbial imbalance or maladaptation

Enteric nervous system (ENS)

AKA “the second brain” controls the gastrointestinal system and forms, the most complex of intrinsic nerve circuits outside the central nervous system


Classification of living organisms based on its bacteriological ecosystem in the gut microbiome


Study of genetic material recovered directly from environmental samples genetic or genetic sequencing techniques applied to a biome-specific sample


Microorganisms that typically inhabit a particular environment, such as the soil, a body of water, or a site on or in an organism; considered as a group; also called microbiome


Complete genetic content of all the microorganisms that typically inhabit a particular environment, especially asite on or in the body, such as the skin or the gastrointestinal tract


Living together of two dissimilar organisms, as in mutualism,...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Health, Recreation, and Community ServicesUniversity of Northern IowaCedar FallsUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Catherine Zeman
    • 1
  1. 1.HRCS/COE and RRTTC/CHASUniversity of Northern IowaCedar FallsUSA