Good Health and Well-Being

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Tony Wall, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar

Environmental Determinants of Health

  • Rebecca Bailey-McHaleEmail author
  • Valerie Ebrahimi
  • Julie Bailey-McHale
Living reference work entry


The link between key environmental factors and health is undisputed with the World Health Organization (WHO) claiming one in four global deaths (12.6 million) is attributable to unhealthy environments (WHO 2018a). It is believed that of the 12.6 million deaths almost 10 million occur in Africa and Asia, those identified at most risk are children under 5 and adults aged between 50 and 75. Environmental health is the branch of public health concerned with all aspects of the natural and built environment and the ways in which these affect human health and well-being. It addresses the physical, chemical, and biological factors external to a human and all the related factors that impact on behavior (WHO 2018a). Environmental and social determinants of health are inextricably linked to a sustainable future, and readers are encouraged to refer to the chapter on social determinants of health for a full appreciation of the mutuality of both topics. The discussion within this entry...
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rebecca Bailey-McHale
    • 1
    Email author
  • Valerie Ebrahimi
    • 1
  • Julie Bailey-McHale
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Health and Social CareUniversity of ChesterChesterUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Giorgi Pkhakadze
    • 1
  • Monica de Andrade
  1. 1.School of Public HealthDAVID TVILDIANI MEDICAL UNIVERSITYTbilisiGeorgia