Soil and Water Conservation: An Overview
- Buffer strip
An area of land maintained in permanent vegetation that helps to trap sediment by slowing down runoff, thus enhancing filtration of nutrients.
- Conservation tillage
A tillage system that creates a suitable soil environment for growing a crop and that conserves soil, water, and energy resources mainly through reduction in the intensity of tillage and retention of plant residues.
- Crop residue
Any type of vegetative cover retained in the field and may include standing stubble, dispersed straw, living vegetation, or mulch.
- Soil and water conservation (SWC)
Any practice that reduces soil erosion and water runoff, thus conserving soil.
- Soil erosion
Detachment and transportation of soil and soil material from the place of origin by water, wind, ice, or gravity and deposition to another place.
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