Zero Hunger

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Agricultural Intensification an Example for the Kaliningrad Region (Russia): Problems of Ecosystem Services

  • Dara V. GaevaEmail author
  • Eugene V. Krasnov
  • Galina M. Barinova
  • Timur V. Gaev
Living reference work entry


Agricultural intensification defined (FAO) as “an increase in agricultural production per unit of inputs (which may be labor, land, time, fertilizer, seed, feed, or cash). For practical purposes, intensification occurs when there is an increase in the total volume of agricultural production that results from a higher productivity of inputs or agricultural production is maintained while certain inputs are decreased (such as by more effective delivery of smaller amounts of fertilizer, better targeting of plant or animal protection, and mixed or relay cropping on smaller fields). Intensification that takes the form of increased production is most critical when there is a need to expand the food supply, for example, during periods of rapid population growth. Intensification that makes more efficient use of inputs may be more critical when environmental problems or social issues are involved.”

By Tittonell (2014) ‘Ecological intensification in Agriculture proposes landscape...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dara V. Gaeva
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eugene V. Krasnov
    • 2
  • Galina M. Barinova
    • 2
  • Timur V. Gaev
    • 3
  1. 1.Division for ResearchImmanuel Kant Baltic Federal UniversityKaliningradRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Environmental Management, Urban Development and Spatial Planning (IEMUD&SP)Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal UniversityKaliningradRussia
  3. 3.Department of Animal Husbandry Kaliningrad branch of Saint-Petersburg State Agrarian UniversityKaliningradRussia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Paschal Arsein Mugabe
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Engineering and Technology (COET)University of Dar es SalaamDar es SalaamTanzania