Zero Hunger

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Conservation and Sustainable Use of Plant and Animal Genetic Resources for Better Human Health

  • Peterson Weru Wambugu
  • Desterio Ondieki NyamongoEmail author
Living reference work entry


Gene banks are biorepositories of genetic material. They are organizational units which are involved in the conservation and management of genetic resources. Gene banks are routinely involved in the conservation of different types of genetic material, among them seeds, pollen, embryos, meristems, cells, DNA, semen, ova, and even entire plants and animals. This entry mainly focuses on the conservation and use of plant genetic resources and to a small extent highlights the conservation of animal genetic resources.


The right to health is enshrined in the World Health Organization constitution as a fundamental right of every human being (WHO 2006). While some medical practitioners define human health simply as the absence of diseases, the World Health Organization gives health a broader definition as “… a state of physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (WHO 2006, p. 1). In this entry, we adopt this latter...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peterson Weru Wambugu
    • 1
  • Desterio Ondieki Nyamongo
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Genetic Resources Research InstituteKenya Agricultural and Livestock Research OrganizationKikuyuKenya

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vincent Onguso Oeba

There are no affiliations available