Global Encyclopedia of Territorial Rights

Living Edition
| Editors: Michael Kocsis

China-India: The Himalayan Border Dispute

Living reference work entry


The China-India Himalayan border dispute is a continuing dispute over the sovereignty of disputed territories along the northern and eastern borders between India and China. The border disagreement primarily revolves around boundaries between the two countries, which are in dispute for over a century. The territories under dispute are Aksai Chin in the Northern Sector, which is located either in the Union Territory of Ladakh in India or the Chinese autonomous regions of Xinjiang and Tibet; the territory south of the McMahon Line formerly known as the North East Frontier Agency is now called the state of Arunachal Pradesh; and the territory in the Central Sector relating to border passes and a few small territories. India as the successor state of the British Empire recognizes the boundary as demarcated by the British through different treaties as the legitimate border whereas China does not.


The 2200 mile border is a long-standing subject of competing claims...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University Institute of Legal StudiesPanjab UniversityChandigarhIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kevin W. Gray
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TorontoTorontoCanada