Global Encyclopedia of Territorial Rights

Living Edition
| Editors: Michael Kocsis

The Rann of Kutch Arbitration

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68846-6_559-1
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Definition

The Rann of Kutch Dispute was a border dispute between India and Pakistan involving a marshy subsection in the larger Kutch territory spread across the state of Sindh in southeastern Pakistan and the state of Gujarat in India’s northwest. At partition in 1947, India was divided into 565 independent princely states, including the state of Kutch. States were given the option of joining either India or Pakistan, and with Kutch having joined the Indian dominion, India claimed that since the Rann formed part of the Kutch state, the territory belonged to India. On the other hand, Pakistan challenged India’s claim, arguing that the northern half of the Rann fell under the jurisdiction of Sind since the British annexation in 1843 and hence belonged to Pakistan.

The region witnessed military confrontation in the mid-1960s, which ended with an internationally brokered ceasefire in June 1965. The ceasefire agreement laid out a time bound process of resolving the dispute through...

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References

  1. Border demarcation by arbitration (1965) Statesman. 6 May 1965Google Scholar
  2. Conclusion of the ceasefire agreement (1966) Keesing’s contemporary archives. 1965–1966, 15:20929Google Scholar
  3. Gupta HR (1969) The Kutch affair. U.C. Kapur and Sons, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  4. India to be tough on Kutch issue (1965) Amrit Bazar Patrika. 22 July 1965Google Scholar
  5. Indo-Pakistan border agreement (1959) Government of India, Ministry of External Affairs, 23 Oct 1959. Government of India Press, New Delhi, p 8Google Scholar
  6. Kutch ceasefire agreement with Pakistan approved by parliament (1965) Asian Recorder. 10–16 Sept 1965, 11(37):6657Google Scholar
  7. Kutch issue goes to tribunal (1965) Hindustan Times. 19 Aug 1965Google Scholar
  8. Kutch talks may be postponed (1965) Hindustan Times. 18 Aug 1965Google Scholar
  9. Mr. Lal Bahadur Shastri on Kutch agreement (1965) Asian Recorder. 13–19 Aug 1965, 11(33):6606Google Scholar
  10. New hitch over status quo in Kutch (1965) Statesman. 18 May 1965Google Scholar
  11. Original text of the agreement between the government of India and the government of Pakistan relating to a cease-fire and the restoration of the status quo as at 1 Jan 1965 in the area of Gujarat/West Pakistan border and concerning the arrangements for the determination of the border in that area, signed at New Delhi on 30 June 1965 (1965) United Nations treaty series. 548-I-7983. http://treaties.un.org/Pages/Publications.aspx?pathpub=Publication/UNTS/Pager_en.xml. Accessed 4 Sept 1998
  12. Pak. troops flown via Ceylon (1965) The Hindu. 27 May 1965Google Scholar
  13. Selected speeches of Lal Bahadur Shastri (1974) Government of India, August 1974. Publication Division, New Delhi, p 288Google Scholar
  14. Staff Correspondent (1965) Shastri’s pre-condition to talks on Kutch. Dawn. 17 June 1965Google Scholar
  15. The Indo-Pakistan Western Boundary (Rann of Kutch) between India and Pakistan (1968) Report of International Arbitral Awards, United Nations. 19 Feb 1968, XVII:1–576Google Scholar
  16. The Kutch-Sind border question: A collection of documents with comments (1965). Indian Society of International Law, New Delhi, p 1Google Scholar
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  18. Untawale MG (1971) Cooperation within conflict: international relations in South Asia. Doctoral dissertation. University of California, Berkeley, p 573Google Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Australia India EngagementFortitude Valley, BrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.India NewsBrisbaneAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kevin W. Gray
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TorontoTorontoCanada