Global Encyclopedia of Territorial Rights

Living Edition
| Editors: Michael Kocsis

Dividing Canadian Sovereignty: Nunavut Land Claims Agreement

Living reference work entry


The Nunavut Land Claims Agreement was signed by the Canadian government officials and Inuit representatives in 1993. This agreement established the Nunavut Territory and the Nunavut government, and official borders from lands in the Northwest Territories were later designated in April 1999 (Légaré 2008). Nunavut Tunngavik Inc. (NTI) was also established to represent the Inuit communities of Nunavut, and an additional 350,000 km2 of land and 36,000 km2 of high mineral potential areas were given to the Inuit of Nunavut (Bowman 2011). The land claims agreement was the result of 17 years of negotiation and efforts by the Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (ITK), the Tungavik Federation of Nunavut (TFN), and the Government of Canada (Saku and Boch 2017). Following the establishment of the Nunavut territory, the population of Nunavut increased from 26,800 in the late 1990s and early 2000s to 38,000 in 2019 (Vitt 2019). The land claims agreement had a generally positive effect on Inuit...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Heller School for Social Policy and ManagementBrandeis UniversityWalthamUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Lavonna L. Lovern
    • 1
  1. 1.Valdosta State UniversityValdostaUSA