Global Encyclopedia of Territorial Rights

Living Edition
| Editors: Michael Kocsis

Taken from the Earth: Fishing, Hunting, and Gathering Rights

Living reference work entry



Land stewardship protocols practiced over millennia were developed by diverse groups of indigenous peoples and were informed by songs, stories, and place-based oral histories; these protocols are relational, kinship-oriented, and spiritual. Traditional fishing, hunting, and gathering are conceived of as a responsibility – to the natural world, past generations, and future generations – that reflects a nonhierarchical relationship with the natural world wherein both humans and nonhumans possess agency. While Native cultures are diverse and unique from one another, Native concepts of rights fundamentally differ from individual alienable rights established by the settler state. Rather than individual rights, many indigenous epistemologies conceptualize what settler states deem ‘rights,’ as responsibilities to community or collective. For indigenous peoples, hunting, fishing, and gathering rights are an...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Humboldt State UniversityArcataUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Lavonna L. Lovern
    • 1
  1. 1.Valdosta State UniversityValdostaUSA