Porous Nanomaterials for Heavy Metal Removal

  • Lin Zhi Lee
  • Muhammad Abbas Ahmad ZainiEmail author
  • Shu Hui Tang
Reference work entry


Water pollution by heavy metals from industries is a serious environmental problem. The toxicity of heavy metals constitutes a great risk to the environment and human health. Due to the simplicity, flexibility, and cost-effectiveness of the remediation process, adsorption has been widely exercised in heavy metal wastewater treatment. Recent advances in nanotechnology offer considerable advantages in wastewater treatment via the introduction of porous nanomaterials, namely, metal oxide nanoparticles, carbon nanomaterials, and nanocomposites as adsorbents. This chapter highlights the current research trends on the applications of porous nanomaterials for the removal of heavy metals. The advantages of using nanomaterials in the removal of heavy metals are highlighted. The discussion is then focused on the preparation techniques and characterization of nanomaterials, target heavy metals as the pollutant, factors affecting the adsorption, and the removal mechanisms.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lin Zhi Lee
    • 1
    • 2
  • Muhammad Abbas Ahmad Zaini
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Shu Hui Tang
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre of Lipids Engineering and Applied Research (CLEAR), Ibnu-Sina Institute for Scientific and Industrial ResearchUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaJohor BahruMalaysia
  2. 2.Faculty of Chemical and Energy EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaJohor BahruMalaysia

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