Semiconductor Eco-materials for Water Treatment

  • Alfredo Gonzalez-PerezEmail author
  • Kenneth M. Persson
  • Lars Samuelson
Reference work entry


In the current chapter two semiconductor materials are being assessed as eco-materials of choice for key applications in the water business. Ultraviolet light-emitting diodes, UV-LEDs, based on III-Nitride ultraviolet emitters like GaN, InGaN, and AlGaN and semiconductor oxides like TiO2, ZnO, or WO3 can be used as eco-materials for disinfection and pollutant removal in water, respectively. Looking through the fabrication process, functional life span, as well as their final disposal and recycling, those materials contribute substantially to the reduction of the environmental burden through their whole life cycle. Future trends and development directions as well as their impact on new water market niches, via replacement of old and less environmentally friendly technologies, are suggested and discussed.


Semiconductors Ultraviolet light-emitting diodes Semiconductor oxides Water disinfection Pollutant degradation Eco-materials 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfredo Gonzalez-Perez
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  • Kenneth M. Persson
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lars Samuelson
    • 3
  1. 1.Sweden Water Research ABLundSweden
  2. 2.Division of Water Resources Engineering TVRL, Faculty of Engineering LTHLund UniversityLundSweden
  3. 3.NanoLund, the Center for NanoscienceLund UniversityLundSweden
  4. 4.Membrane Biophysics Group, Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark

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