Encyclopedia of Signaling Molecules

2018 Edition
| Editors: Sangdun Choi

G Protein Alpha Transducin

  • Hoon Shim
  • Ching-Kang Chen
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67199-4_587

Synonyms

 Gαt;  GNAT1;  GNAT2;  Gt;  T

Historical Background

G protein alpha transducin was purified from bovine retinal extracts more than three decades ago. The discovery of transducin was the culmination of a series of findings that started in the mid-1970s (see Bourne 2006 for a recent review), beginning with the identification of the effector molecule cGMP phosphodiesterase (Bitensky et al. 1975). Shortly afterward, the presence of light-induced GTPase activity in rod outer segment extracts was described (Wheeler and Bitensky 1977). In 1978, activation of cGMP phosphodiesterase was shown to require activated rhodopsin and the presence of GTP (Yee and Liebman 1978). In 1979, a soluble guanine nucleotide binding protein with light-activated GTP–GDP exchange was purified (Godchaux and Zimmerman 1979). However, only two components, the a and β subunits, of the heterotrimeric G protein transducin were described. In 1981, the full heterotrimeric G protein was purified in Lubert...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA