Encyclopedia of Signaling Molecules

2018 Edition
| Editors: Sangdun Choi

Nucleotide Receptor P2Y

  • Didier Communi
  • Bernard Robaye
  • Jean-Marie Boeynaems
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67199-4_198

Synonyms

Historical Background

Signaling by extracellular ATP was first reported in 1929 (Drury and Szent-Györgyi 1929). Subdivision of purinergic receptors between P1 (adenosine) and P2 (ATP, ADP) was proposed in 1978 (Burnstock 1978), and further subdivision of P2 receptors between P2Y and P2X was made in 1985 (Burnstock and Kennedy 1985). The P2Y1 and P2Y2 receptors were the first P2Y receptors to be cloned in 1993 (Webb et al. 1993; Lustig et al. 1993).

Release of Nucleotides in the Extracellular Fluids

Although nucleotides, such as ATP and UTP, are mainly intracellular, they are released in the extracellular fluids by various mechanisms. One of them is cell damage: both necrotic and apoptotic cells release ATP and other nucleotides that thus constitute “danger signals” or DAMP (damage-associated molecular pattern) (Elliott et al. 2009). But they can also be released without cell lysis by specific mechanisms: exocytosis of secretory...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Didier Communi
    • 1
  • Bernard Robaye
    • 2
  • Jean-Marie Boeynaems
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Interdisciplinary Research, School of MedicineUniversité Libre de BruxellesBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.Institute of Interdisciplinary Research, School of MedicineUniversité Libre de BruxellesGosselies, BruxellesBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Laboratory Medicine, Erasme Academic HospitalUniversité Libre de BruxellesBrusselsBelgium