Encyclopedia of Signaling Molecules

2018 Edition
| Editors: Sangdun Choi

StAR

  • Cecilia Poderoso
  • Ana F. Castillo
  • Pablo G. Mele
  • Paula M. Maloberti
  • Ernesto J. Podestá
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67199-4_101896

Synonyms

Historical Background

For many years now, several studies in steroid-producing systems have led to the postulation of an induced stimulatory protein originally designated as the “labile protein factor,” since after stimulation with ACTH in the presence of a protein synthesis inhibitor as cycloheximide (CHX), the rate of steroidogenesis rapidly returned to its unstimulated level (Haynes et al. 1959; Garren et al. 1965; Schulster et al. 1970).

Using two-dimension gel electrophoresis, one of the first papers in the matter identified a protein of 28,000 Da, present as different isoforms in hormone-stimulated adrenal cells but not in quiescent cells. Furthermore, 35S-methionine pulse-chase experiments showed that this protein is not produced from a preexisting one, even if protein synthesis is not inhibited (Krueger and Orme-Johnson 1983).

After that work, Pon, Hartigan, and Orme-Johnson showed in 1986 that...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cecilia Poderoso
    • 1
  • Ana F. Castillo
    • 1
  • Pablo G. Mele
    • 1
  • Paula M. Maloberti
    • 1
  • Ernesto J. Podestá
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas (INBIOMED) UBA-CONICET; Departamento de Bioquímica HumanaFacultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina