Nerve growth factor (NGF) was discovered by Rita Levi-Montalcini, who revealed that mouse sarcomas transplanted into chicken embryos secrete a factor into the blood that induces sensory and sympathetic nerve growth (Levi-Montalcini 1952; Levi-Montalcini 1987). She was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1986 for this work (Abott 2009). NGF is indispensable for the prenatal growth of sensory and sympathetic nerves. Two NGF receptors have been identified, one with high affinity and the other with low affinity for NGF (Landreth and Shooter 1980); these were later named tropomyosin receptor kinase (Trk) A and p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR), respectively. NGF was also identified as a key molecule in the development of basal forebrain...
- Miranda C, Di Virgilio M, Selleri S, Zanotti G, Pagliardini S, Pierotti MA, Greco A. Novel pathogenic mechanisms of congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis genetic disorder unveiled by functional analysis of neurtrophic tyrosine receptor kinase type 1/nerve growth factor receptor mutations. J Biol Chem. 2002;277:6455–62.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Mitchell DJ, Blasier KR, Jeffery ED, Ross MW, Pullikuth AK, Suo D, Park J, Smiley WR, Lo KW, Shabanowitz J, Deppmann CD, Trinidad JC, Hunt DF, Catling AD, Pfister KK. Trk activation of the ERK1/2 kinase pathway stimulates intermediate chain phosphorylation and recruits cytoplasmic dynein to signaling endosomes for retrograde axonal transport. J Neurosci. 2012;32:15495–510.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Yamamoto M, Sobue G, Yamamoto K, Terao S, Mitsuma T. Expression of mRNAs for neurotrophic factors (NGF, BDNF, NT-3, and GDNF) and their receptors (p75NGFR, TrkA, TrkB, and TrkC) in the adult human peripheral nervous system and nonneural tissues. Neurochem Res. 1996;21:929–38.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar