Encyclopedia of Signaling Molecules

2018 Edition
| Editors: Sangdun Choi

Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor

  • Qin Wang
  • Andrew VonHandorf
  • Alvaro Puga
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67199-4_101571

Synonyms

Historical Background

Driven by a focus on public health, Dr. Alan Poland’s laboratory at the University of Rochester originally identified the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) in 1976 by using radiolabelled [3H]2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) to ascertain its inner cellular binding protein (Poland et al. 1976). During the following 40 years, numerous endeavors have been devoted to elucidating its molecular and physiological significance, many of which have added and continue to enhance our knowledge of this transcription factor. Of particular note, two milestones should be mentioned that have significantly contributed to the characterization of the AHR protein (Gasiewica and Henry 2012): the identification of the Ah locus (Gielen et al. 1972; Nebert et al. 1972) and the report of the Ahb and Ahdalleles exhibiting high- and low-aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH) activity in different mouse strains,...

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Cell, Developmental and Integrative BiologyUniversity of AlabamaBirminghamUSA
  2. 2.University of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA