Pathology of the Pleura and Mediastinum

2018 Edition
| Editors: Timothy Craig Allen, Saul Suster

Mediastinal Hemangioma

  • Annikka Weissferdt
  • Cesar A. Moran
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-66796-6_24

Synonyms

Angiomyoma; Hemangiofibroma; Hemangiomyoma

Definition

Hemangiomas are benign neoplastic proliferations of blood vessels. These lesions are commonly found in the soft tissue yet are very rare in the mediastinum. Most of what is known about these tumors in this site has been derived from numerous single case reports or small series, the largest of which included 18 of such neoplasms (Moran and Suster 1995). Preoperatively, these tumors are often mistaken for more common mediastinal lesions, such as thymomas or neurogenic tumors, and the diagnosis is often only accomplished after surgical excision. A rare subset of mediastinal hemangiomas can be locally invasive and invade into or encroach adjacent mediastinal structures. In rare instances, mediastinal hemangiomas can be multifocal lesions with concomitant mediastinal or extrathoracic vascular tumors (Moran and Suster 1995; Davis et al. 1978).

Clinical Features

  • Incidence

    Mediastinal hemangiomas are rare lesions with an incidence...

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References and Further Reading

  1. Davis, J. M., Mark, G. J., & Greene, R. (1978). Benign blood vascular tumors of the mediastinum. Report of four cases and review of the literature. Radiology, 126, 581–587.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Moran, C. A., & Suster, S. (1995). Mediastinal hemangiomas: A study of 18 cases with emphasis on the spectrum of morphological features. Human Pathology, 26, 416–421.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Yun, T., Suzuki, H., Tagawa, T., Iwata, T., Mizobuchi, T., Yoshida, S., Yamazaki, M., & Yoshino, I. (2014). Cavernous hemangioma of the posterior mediastinum with bony invasion. General Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgery. [Epub ahead of print].PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA