Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Carbon Footprint and Sustainable Development

  • Carolina Shizue Hoshino NetaEmail author
  • Sônia Regina da Cal Seixas
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63951-2_121-1


The Carbon Footprint (CF) can be defined as the measure of the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) that are directly caused by an activity or accumulated over the life cycle of a product or service. It includes individual activities, populations, governments, companies, organizations, processes, and industrial sectors (Galli 2012)


Climate change is an emerging stressor, experienced in the long-term through changes in weather patterns and in the short-term through changes in the frequency and severity of extreme weather events (Connolly-Boutin and Smit 2016). According to Diouf and Gaye (2015), adverse effects of these changes on natural and human systems are becoming increasingly complex and severe, and therefore understanding the level of vulnerability of these systems became relevant and challenging for community’s academic, policies, and development practitioners.

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is recognized as...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolina Shizue Hoshino Neta
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sônia Regina da Cal Seixas
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Energy, Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Campinas – UNICAMPSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Environmental Studies and Research Center (NEPAM) and Department of Energy, Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Campinas – UNICAMPSão PauloBrazil

Section editors and affiliations

  • Erin Hopkins
    • 1
  1. 1.Virginia TechBlacksburgUSA