Living Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

pp 1-3

Date: Latest Version

Academic Techniques

  • Ginger MillsAffiliated withGraduate Institute of Professional Psychology, University of Hartford Email author 


Academic techniques are a set of rehabilitation strategies that are aimed at facilitating learning. While there are a myriad of techniques available to aid in learning, evidence continues to grow for the effectiveness of specific instructional strategies. These strategies assist individuals with cognitive impairments in learning new information and skills. Various models for improving learning and memory have been developed, some of which include TEACH-M(Task Analysis, Errorless learning, Assessment, Cumulative review, High rates of correct practice, Metacognitive strategies); PQRST (Preview, Question, Read, State, and Test); and the pediatric neurocognitive intervention (PNI) methods.

Historical Background

Much of the research for academic techniques and strategies stems from the special education field, which utilizes such techniques to teach those with learning disabilities (Sohlberg et al. 2005). Researchers in the neuropsychology field have continued to build upon such lit ...

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