Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Sheltered Employment

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_427-2



Sheltered employment is a setting in which people with disabilities receive services and training to develop work-related skills and behaviors. “Sheltered,” as a concept, originally implied an environment, which was safe and protected for individuals with disabilities. Sheltered employment is typically a facility-based, day program for individuals with significant disabilities. The first sheltered employment (workshop) was the Perkins Institute for the Blind established in 1840. Within the workshop setting, individuals are to be prepared for competitive employment. Workshops are segregated in nature.

In the field of rehabilitation, workshops have been criticized as programs in which people with significant disabilities were referred and remained for years, exploited, and/or did not see competitive employment outcomes in their community (National Disability Rights Network 2011). Another criticism is that individuals with significant disabilities...

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References and Readings

  1. Cimera, R.E., Wehman, P., West, M., & Burgess, S. (2012). Do sheltered workships enhance employment outcomes for adults with autism spectrum disorder? Autism, 16: 87–94. Sage.Google Scholar
  2. Department of Education. (Monday, January 22, 2001). Part XVI 34 CFR Part 361 State vocational rehabilitation services program; Final Rule VerDate 11 MAY 2000 19: 17 Jan 20, 2001 … http://www.ed.gov/legislation/FedRegister/finrule/2001-1/012201a.html
  3. Kregel, J., & Dean, D. (2001). Sheltered vs supported employment: A direct comparison of long-term earnings outcomes for individuals with cognitive disabilities. Retrieved 18 Dec 2009 from http://www.worksupport.com/main/downloads/dean/shelteredchap3.pdf
  4. National Disability Rights Network (2011). The failure of the disability service system to provide quality work. Retrieved from: http://www.ndrn.org/images/Documents/Resources/Publications/Reports/Segregzted-and-Exploited.pdf
  5. Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act. Retreived from https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2016-08-19/pdf/2016-15980.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation CounselingVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA