The pyramidal tract is a major efferent (outgoing) bundle of motor neurons that originates in the sensorimotor area of the cerebral cortex, descends through the internal capsule and into the brain stem to synapse in the spinal cord. The pyramidal tract transmits signals that function to control voluntary movements.
The pyramidal (or corticospinal) tract controls voluntary motor activity, primarily of the limbs, as well as modulation of sensory input through ascending sensory pathways (Berne and Levy 2000). The fibers of the corticospinal tract control somatic motor activity.
Pyramidal Tract Pathway
The pyramidal tract projects from the motor cortex to lower motor neurons that are located in the ventral horn of the spinal cord. One third of the cells of origin are located in the primary motor cortex (precentral gyrus of the frontal lobe (Brodman’s area 4)) and anterior paracentral...
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