Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Intracranial Pressure

  • Gary Tye
  • John Brown
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_326-2

Definition

Intracranial pressure (ICP) is the pressure that is exerted on the brain, cerebrospinal fluid, and blood within the skull. In an adult at rest, it is usually less than 10–15 mm of mercury. If ICP rises above normal due to trauma, hydrocephalus, hemorrhage, or tumor, patients can exhibit behavioral changes, headache, decreased consciousness, somnolence, lethargy, seizures, and/or vomiting.

Cross-References

References and Readings

  1. Steiner, L. A., & Andrews, P. J. (2006). Monitoring the injured brain: ICP and CBF. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 97(1), 26–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NeurosurgeryVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  2. 2.Medical College of GeorgiaAugustaUSA