Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Physical Functional Performance

  • Tamara Bushnik
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_1954-2



Designed to assess physical function in several physical domains, the original scale was developed for healthy older adults and consists of 15 everyday tasks that increase in difficulty from easy to hard (Cress et al. 1996). The tasks provide an assessment of five domains: upper- and lower-body strength, upper-body flexibility, balance and coordination, and endurance. Samples of the tasks include carrying a pan of water for 1 m; making a double bed with a fitted sheet, comforter, and pillows; and getting into and out of a bathtub. Scoring on each item was standardized to range from 0 to 12. Zero is assigned to individuals unable or unwilling to perform a task, one for performance in the bottom 10% of performance, and 12 for the top 10% of performance. The norms were established in 78 individuals living in the community who were on average 72 years of age. Domain scores are obtained by summing the scaled scores of each item within the domain; a...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Cress, M. E., Buchner, D. M., Questad, K. A., Esselman, P. C., deLateur, B. J., & Schwartz, R. S. (1996). Continuous-scale physical functional performance in healthy older adults: A validation study. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 77, 1243–1250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cress, M. E., Petrella, J. K., Moore, T. L., & Schenkman, M. L. (2005). Continuous-scale physical functional performance test: Validity, reliability and sensitivity of data for the short version. Physical Therapy, 85, 323–335.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Hearty, T. M., Schenkman, M. L., Kohrt, W. M., & Cress, M. E. (2007). Continuous scale physical functional performance test: Appropriateness for middle-aged adults with and without Parkinson's disease. Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy, 31, 64–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Manns, P. J., Tomczak, C. R., Jelani, A., Cress, M. E., & Haennel, R. (2009). Use of the continuous scale physical functional performance test in stroke survivors. Archives of Physical Medicine Rehabilitation, 90, 488–493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Olson, A. L., Swigris, J. J., Belkin, A., Hannen, L., Yagihashi, K., Schenkman, M., Brown, K. K. (2015) Physical functional capacity in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: performance characteristics of the continuous-scale physical function performance test. Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine, 9, 361–367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Director of Inter-Hospital Research and Knowledge TranslationRusk RehabilitationNew YorkUSA