Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Frontal Eye Fields

  • Chava Creque
  • Stephanie A. Kolakowsky-Hayner
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_1892-2



The frontal eye fields (FEF) are part of the prefrontal cortex and considered to be Brodmann area 8 and portions of area 9. The FEF receive input from numerous brain regions and seem to coordinate and maintain eye and head movements and gaze shifts and are involved in the orientation and attention responses to stimuli. Overall, the FEF area receives information from the auditory, tactual, and visual environment and is considered to be a multimodal response area.


References and Readings

  1. Crowne, D. (1983). The frontal eye field and attention. Psychological Bulletin, 93(2), 232–260.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Machado, L., & Rafal, R. (2004). Control of fixation and saccades in humans with chronic lesions of oculomotor cortex. Neuropsychology, 18(1), 115–123.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Wong, B., Cronin-Golomb, A., & Neargarder, S. (2005). Patterns of visual scanning as predictors of emotion identification in normal aging. Neuropsychology, 19(6), 739–749.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Brain Trauma FoundationNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Stanford Concussion and Brain Performance CenterPalo AltoUSA