Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Halstead Impairment Index

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_188-3

Synonyms

HII

Description

The Halstead Impairment Index is a summary index of brain damage that is derived from seven of the core test scores from the Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Battery (HRNB). Test scores that contribute to the index include the Category Test errors, Tactual Performance Test total time, Tactual Performance Test Localization score, Tactual Performance Test Memory score, Rhythm Test ranked score, Speech Sounds Perception Test errors, and the Finger Tapping test dominant hand performance. The Impairment Index ranges from 0.0 to 1.0 and is calculated in a straightforward manner. A determination is first made regarding how many of the seven test scores fall beyond the cutoff score for impairment. Then, the total number of test scores that fall in the impaired range is divided by the total number of test scores (i.e., 7). For example, if a patient were to score in the brain-damaged range on all seven of the tests, the Impairment Index would be 1.0 (7 impaired scores...

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References and Readings

  1. Dikmen, S. S., Heaton, R. K., Grant, I., & Temkin, N. R. (1999). Test-retest reliability and practice effects of expanded Halstead-Reitan neuropsychological test battery. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 5, 346–356.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Loring, D. W., & Larrabee, G. J. (2006). Sensitivity of the Halstead and Wechsler test batteries to brain damage: Evidence from Reitan’s original validation sample. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 20, 221–229.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Matarazzo, J. D., Matarazzo, R. G., Wiens, A. N., Gallo, A. E., & Klonoff, H. (1976). Retest reliability of the Halstead impairment index in a normal, a schizophrenic, and two samples of organic patients. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 32, 338–349.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Reitan, R. M. (1959). The comparative effects of brain damage on the Halstead impairment index and the Wechsler-Bellevue scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 15, 281–285.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Reitan, R. M., & Wolfson, D. (1993). The Halstead-Reitan neuropsychological test battery: Theory and clinical interpretation (2nd ed.). Tucson: Neuropsychology Press.Google Scholar
  6. Russell, E. W. (1992). Reliability of the Halstead impairment index: A simulation and reanalysis of Matarazzo et al. Neuropsychology, 6, 251–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Nevada-Las VegasLas VegasUSA